Salmon, chinook

Common name

Salmon, chinook

Scientific name

Oncorhynchus tshawytscha 

Fish family


Also known as

black salmon, blackmouth, chinook, chub salmon, king, king salmon, kippered salmon, locks, lox, pacific salmon, pickled salmon, quinnat, quinnat salmon, salmon, smilie, spring, spring salmon, tyee, hook bill salmon, Columbia river salmon, winter salmon

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What they look like

The Chinook salmon is blue-green on the back and top of the head with silvery sides, turning to white on the belly. It has black spots on its tail and the upper half of its body, its mouth has a dark gray or black coloration with teeth set in black gums. Chinook turn a bright red before spawning. Adult fish range in size from 33 to 36 inches, but may be up to 58 inches in length. They average 10 to 50 pounds, but may reach 130 pounds.

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What they eat

Chinook salmon feed on planktonic diatoms, copepods, kelps, seaweeds, jellyfish, and starfish while at sea. Chinook feed on insects, amphipods, and other crustaceans while young, and primarily on other fish when older

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State Record

68.26 lbs. caught in Elochoman River, Wahkiakum County by angler Mark Salmon on October 5, 1992

World Record

97 lbs. 4 oz. caught in Kenai River, Alaska by angler Les Anderson on May 17, 1985

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